In 2020, the fisheries subsector produced 1.79 million T of edible fish, 227.9 million ornamental fish and 41.9 million bunches of aquatic plants worth RM13.84 billion. Edible fish production decreased by 4.5%, a decrease from 1.87 million T (in 2019) to 1.79 million T (in 2020). The value of the contribution of the fisheries industry also decreased by 9.3%, an decrease from RM15.26 billion (in 2019) to RM13.84 billion (in 2020).
The fisheries sector is indeed given attention in the Cabinet Committee on the National Food Security Policy and National Agro-Food Policy 2.0 which is being drafted by the government. Therefore, the direction planning of the Department of Fisheries Malaysia (DOF) needs to be in line with existing policies and future directions.
The country is now in the era of the 2030 Shared Prosperity Vision development plan which includes the 12th Malaysia Plan and the 13th Malaysia Plan. DOF direction planning needs to take into account the following elements:
- the current status of the country’s fisheries industry;
- key achievements during the 11th Malaysia Plan period and earlier to be improved or added value;
- issues and challenges that may constrain or hinder the progress of the fisheries industry;
- international obligations related to fisheries and biodiversity that need to be addressed by the DOF;
- instruments that can be used in planning; as well as the national and world economic scenario after the Covid-19 pandemic.
The following are the achievements of Malaysia’s fisheries production in 2019 involving Aquaculture, Capture Fisheries, Inland Fisheries and Ornamental Fish & Aquatic Plants throughout the year: